As winter nears and tensions in eastern Ukraine mount, Russia is giving several European Union countries yet another reason to worry about the conflict between the two: natural gas.
Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania and Bulgaria receive 100% of their natural gas imports from Russia, the Energy Information Administration said Wednesday.
Romania and Bulgaria receive that gas through pipelines that cross Ukraine.
Overall, 30% of natural gas consumed in Europe (including countries outside the European Union) came from Russia last year, with 16% of natural gas consumed in Europe passing through pipeline networks in Ukraine.
Top Russian gas importers include Germany and France. In the past, as much as 80% of the Russian gas traveled through Ukraine, but that percentage has fallen to 50% to 60% once a pipeline under the Baltic Sea connected Russia and Germany three years ago, according to the EIA.
Source: Marketwatch, 2014